One of Napoleon's greatest victories, Austerlitz effectively ended the War of the Third Coalition. The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Aspern-Essling, Napoleonic Wars: Marshal Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, Battle of Borodino During the Napoleonic Wars, Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro, M.S., Information and Library Science, Drexel University, B.A., History and Political Science, Pennsylvania State University. Kennedy Hickman is a historian, museum director, and curator who specializes in military and naval history. Leslie Caron plays the role of his mistress Élisabeth Le Michaud d'Arçon. In three months, the French had occupied Vienna, decimated two armies, and humbled the Austrian Empire. Read more. Another of Napoleon's adventures in this epic reconstruction of the battle of Austerlitz, where he had the greatest victory of his career, over the Russians. In addition to providing refuge for the French cavalry, fire from his men and the Guards' horse artillery forced the Russians to retreat from the area. While Tsar Alexander I wished to attack the French, Austrian Emperor Francis II and Kutuzov preferred to take a more defensive approach. Austerlitz is a 1960 French film directed by Abel Gance and starring Jean Marais, Rossano Brazzi, Martine Carol, Jack Palance, Claudia Cardinale, Vittorio De Sica, Orson Welles, Leslie Caron and Jean-Louis Trintignant. Further Allied attacks from the village were halted by French artillery. Other options New and used from $13.58. Historical Context The Battle of Austerlitz is one of the most important clashes of the Napoleonic Wars, which Napoleon Bonaparte considered to be his greatest victory ever. Moving with speed and efficiency, 200,000 French troops departed their camps near Boulogne and began crossing the Rhine along a 160-mile front on September 25. In an attempt to slow the French pursuit General Michael von Kienmayer directed some of his cavalry to form a rearguard. Marshal Soult himself, report to the Emperor at his Headquarters at seven-thirty in the morning. Around 8:00 AM on December 2, the first Allied columns began hitting the French right near the village of Telnitz. These events sharply contrast with the rigid power structures of the eighteenth century, when no major European capital was ever held by an enemy army. As the battle raged, the Allies decided to strike Vandamme's position with the Russian Imperial Guards cavalry. Charging again, Saint-Hilaire's men finally succeeded in capturing the heights at bayonet point. Moving his command post to St. Anthony's Chapel on the Pratzen Heights, Napoleon ordered Marshal Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte's I Corps into the battle on Vandamme's left. Positioning Marshal Jean Lannes's V Corps near Santon Hill at the northern end of the line, Napoleon placed General Claude Legrand's men at the southern end, with Marshal Jean-de-Dieu Soult's IV Corps in the center. In addition to territorial concessions, the Austrians were required to pay a war indemnity of 40 million francs. The coalition forces had lost a staggering 29,000 men dead, wounded or captured, along with most of their guns and equipment. Reinforced with elements from their second and fourth columns, the Allies met the French assault and mounted a fierce defense. Slightly to the north, the next Allied column hit Sokolnitz and was repulsed by its defenders. Allied forces lost up to 27,000 troops; most of them, 21 thousand, Russian. The Allied plan played directly into Napoleon's hands. With Pierre Mondy, Martine Carol, Claudia Cardinale, Leslie Caron. To complete the victory, Napoleon turned south where fighting was still raging around Telnitz and Sokolnitz. The remains of the Russian army withdrew east, while Napoleon's forces went into camp in southern Germany. Taking the village, they threw the French back across Goldbach Stream. The battle was fought, poignantly, on the first anniversary of his coronation as Emperor of the French and it is widely acknowledged as his military masterpiece, the engagement … He had to surrender his…. The remnants of the allied army were scattered. (1) The Battle of Austerlitz is one of the greatest and most-studied battles of history. Though the victory was dampened by Vice Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson's triumph at Trafalgar the next day, the Ulm Campaign effectively opened the way to Vienna which fell to French forces in November. This was what Napoleon had expected, he had deliberately weakened it so as to entice the allies into an attack on this area. Pulling his troops back in a disorderly fashion, he created the impression of an army in retreat. Under pressure from their senior commanders, it was finally decided that an attack would be made against the French right (southern) flank which would open a path to Vienna. Reenactment of the Battle of Austerlitz usually takes place around 2 Dec below the SANTON Hill, which is only about 12 km east of BRNO. Fighting around Sokolnitz continued to rage throughout the day. Moving to the attack, they recaptured Telnitz but were driven out by Allied cavalry. Directed by Abel Gance. Austerlitz and the preceding campaign profoundly altered the nature of European politics. Having crushed an Austrian army at Ulm earlier that fall, Napoleon drove east and captured Vienna. They lost 15,000 men killed and wounded and 11,000 captured, while Napoleon lost 9,000 men. Battle of Austerlitz, also called Battle of the Three Emperors, (December 2, 1805), the first engagement of the War of the Third Coalition and one of Napoleon’s greatest victories. After the battle, Austrian Emperor Franz told Alexander that it was pointless to continue the struggle. In the days leading up to the battle, Napoleon took a huge risk to bluff his opponents. Kutuzov, forcing Austria to make peace with France (Treaty of Pressburg) and keeping Prussia temporarily out of the anti-French alliance. After winning a series of battles, Napoleon captured Mack and 23,000 men at Ulm on October 20. Allied casualties were massive and included 15,000 killed and wounded, as well as 12,000 captured. Map of the Battle of Austerlitz On the morning of the 2nd, a thick fog initially covered the battlefield, conveniently assisting in hiding the French dispositions. … Under heavy pressure, Kellermann fell back behind General Marie-François Auguste de Caffarelli's division of Lannes' corps which blocked the Austrian advance. Kutuzov , forcing Austria to make peace with France (Treaty of Pressburg) and keeping Prussia temporarily out of the anti-French … Reference Maps on the Napoleonic Wars 1803-1815. French losses at Austerlitz numbered 1,305 killed, 6,940 wounded, and 573 captured. Author: History.com Editors Video Rating: TV-PG Video Duration: 3:32. He simply ordered his right to hold on for as long as possible. It became a seat of the Anabaptists in 1528. Sometime after 4 p.m. the guns fell silent; the Battle of Austerlitz was over. The Battle of Austerlitz; Napoleon's greatest victory, by Trevor Nevitt Dupuy | Jan 1, 1968. Soult captured the plateau and, with 25,000 reinforcements from Napoleon’s reserve, held it against the allied attempts to retake it. Omissions? But for the price it is a fine DVD. Napoleon's battlefield strategy at Austerlitz results in one of his greatest victories. Employing a variety of infantry tactics, the division shattered the defenders and claimed the area. 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